Water Quality Testing
Frequency of Water Quality Tests
- Inorganic compounds: every 6 years
- Synthetic Organic compounds: every 6 years
- Volatile organic contaminants: every 6 years
- Bacteria: Monthly (90 sampling locations based on population criteria set by DEQ)
- Total number of water quality tests during the last 12 months: over 1,000 samples tested system wide
< 1 mg/L (1 milligram per liter is equivalent to 1 part per million parts)
We do not add fluoride to our water; any fluoride detected occurs naturally.Iron Content High: 1.34 mg/L Low: <0.01 mg/L Average: 0.178 mg/L
- Excessive Iron (Fe) and Manganese (Mn) Source: American Water Works Association
- Both of these elements in raw water generally occur in the dissolved state, the water is clear and the substances are not noticeable except for taste in high enough concentrations. Oxidation through either chemical addition or mixing with the atmosphere will result in a gradual color change. Without disinfection this may not occur until the water reaches the tap and is dispensed. The water can become unpalatable, stain laundry and stain porcelain fixtures. Tannic acids found in tea and coffee can darken the color to a point it looks like ink. If a disinfectant (chlorine oxidizes the elements) is added, or if either element is partially oxidized, the oxidized particles will precipitate out in the distribution system. This creates the brown sediment that accumulates inside our distribution mains during the low flow periods of winter. Sudden flows by fire hydrant activity will dislodge this matter and brown water calls soon follow.
- The secondary MCL for iron is 0.3 mg /L. At concentrations above 0.5 mg /L, the taste is noticeable and disagreeable to most people, and staining of fixtures is quite serious.Manganese creates brown spotting in laundry. A maximum of 0.05 mg / L is desirable. 5.0 mg / L creates undesirable taste.
- Chlorine Residual and Demand Source: American Water Works Association
- Chlorination just prior to water entering the distribution system is primarily to provide disinfection capabilities in the distribution system. Destruction of pathogens is directly related to contact time. There are two types of chlorine residual: combined residual and free residual. The first amount of chlorine (example 1 mg/L) is reduced during oxidation of compounds like iron and manganese. If the dosage is higher (example 2.5 mg/L) the chlorine reacts with organic substances and the ammonia in the water forming chlororganics and chloramines. These are called combined residual. Because it is combined with other chemicals in the water, it has lost most of its disinfection capability. At this point the water may resemble the taste and odor of a swimming pool.
- As the dosage is increased further, the chloramines and some chlororganics are oxidized. This process reduces the combined chlorine residual until it reaches its lowest point. This is called Breakpoint. At the breakpoint the residual changes from combined to free available. As dosage increases further, free chlorine becomes available to kill pathogens in the water. Free residual is 25 times more effective at disinfecting than combined chlorine and without the swimming pool odor. The desirable minimum residual at the customer tap is 0.2 mg/L.